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International Journal of Ophthalmology and Optometry

Vol. 6, Issue 1, Part A (2024)

Association of congenital ptosis and prematurity of infants with refractive error, strabismus and Amblyopia and their prevalence in pediatric age group

Author(s):

Juhi Verma and Dipanwita Ghosh

Abstract:

Refractive errors are considered to be a preventable cause of blindness, leading to visual disabilities in children. Uncorrected refractive error can result in Amblyopia or strabismus. Congenital ptosis associated with abnormalities of visual development and function, including amblyopia strabismus and refractive errors. The predominant refractive error being Hypermetropia represented 83% strabismus and amblyopia were present in 38% and 9.1% of children respectively. Congenital ptosis often associated with visual impairment. In studies it has been found the commonest type of refractive error in congenital ptosis is astigmatism. It has also found association of strabismus, amblyopia and mixed strabismic and refractive etiology with congenital ptosis.  Stimulus deprivation amblyopia was less common. In Retinopathy of prematiruty patients the incidences of myopia, astigmatism, anisometropia and the severity of myopia increased according to the presence of ROP and treatment. Studies in the whole signifies the need for early screening of children for refractive errors even from the pre verbal age group to eliminate complications like amblyopia and strabismus. 

Pages: 20-23  |  230 Views  72 Downloads

How to cite this article:
Juhi Verma and Dipanwita Ghosh. Association of congenital ptosis and prematurity of infants with refractive error, strabismus and Amblyopia and their prevalence in pediatric age group. Int. J. Ophthalmol. Optometry 2024;6(1):20-23. DOI: 10.33545/26648547.2024.v6.i1a.27
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