The role of diabetes mellitus in causing posterior subcapsular cataracts in outpatients
The eye is an essential visual organ for humans. To reduce the rate of cataracts and blindness in Indonesia, data on the leading causes of cataracts or blindness is critical. This study aimed to determine the role of diabetes mellitus in causing cataracts, especially posterior subcapsular cataracts that occur at the Pasuruan Eye Hospital. The sample used in this study was patients who went to the Pasuruan Eye Hospital from February 2020 to February 2021, experiencing posterior subcapsular cataracts or non-posterior subcapsular cataracts and have a history of diabetes mellitus or non-diabetes mellitus. The sampling technique used in this study is a consecutive sampling technique which is classified as non-probability sampling. The data obtained were then processed and analyzed using a crosssectional design and chi-square test using IBM SPSS 26 software to determine the proportion of data distribution and the relationship between diabetes mellitus and PSC cataracts. In this study, it is known that diabetes mellitus affects PSC cataracts by 39.1%.